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New method for addressing the reliability challenges of neural networks in inverse imaging problems

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LOS ANGELES - Amzeal -- Uncertainty estimation is critical to improving the reliability of deep neural networks. A research team led by Aydogan Ozcan at the University of California, Los Angeles, has introduced an uncertainty quantification method that uses cycle consistency to enhance the reliability of deep neural networks in solving inverse imaging problems.

This research was published on Dec. 21 in Intelligent Computing, a Science Partner Journal.

Deep neural networks have been used to solve inverse imaging problems, such as image denoising, super-resolution imaging and medical image reconstruction, in which the goal is to create an ideal image using the raw image data actually captured, often after some degradation. However, deep neural networks sometimes produce unreliable results, and in some contexts, incorrect predictions can have severe consequences. Models that can quantitatively estimate how certain they are about their output can perform better at detecting abnormal situations, such as anomalous data and outright attacks.

The new method for estimating network uncertainty uses a physical forward model, which serves as a computational representation of the underlying processes governing the input–output relationship. By combining this model with a neural network and executing forward–backward cycles between the input and output data, uncertainty accumulates and can be effectively estimated.

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The theoretical underpinning of the method involves establishing the bounds of cycle consistency, defined as the difference between adjacent outputs in the cycle. The researchers derived upper and lower bounds for cycle consistency, demonstrating its relationship with the uncertainty of the output of the neural network. The study considered cases where cycle outputs diverged and cases where they converged, providing expressions for both scenarios. The derived bounds can be used to estimate uncertainty even without knowledge of the ground truth.

The researchers anticipate that their cycle-consistency-based uncertainty quantification method will significantly contribute to enhancing the reliability of neural network inferences in inverse imaging problems. Additionally, the method could find applications in uncertainty-guided learning. This study marks a significant step toward addressing the challenges associated with uncertainty in neural network predictions, paving the way for more reliable and confident deployment of deep learning models in critical real-world applications.

Article: https://spj.science.org/doi/10.34133/icomputing.0071

Source: UCLA ITA
Filed Under: Science

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